Hybrid of everything

Hybrid of everything

Globalisation of television is happening around the globe, from China to India and down to Malaysia. Programs and services provided by the media are no longer locally made, but hybrid of everything available in the world of media. These include the culture and character portrayed in the contents of media (Sinclair & Harrison 2004).

For the first part, let’s look into local (Malaysia) media such as television, movie, advertising and radio contents undergo the art of globalisation.

30 years ago, Malaysians enjoyed watching local contents which only limited to the local context; news are filtered, movie production were narrow to suit the era of that time. As the media adapted globalisation, media contents has becoming more significant in bringing out bizarre culture into the mind of the audiences. Production team of the media hybridized the contents with the concept of globalization.

In this case, Astro is the best example of media content channels which provide limitless globalized media to the audiences. Audiences are able to choose from hundreds of channels, ranging from local, oriental and western. It is a hybrid of everything. The genius brain of Astro delivering globalized contents to the audiences has brought the country to the next level of media.

The hybridization of media content in Malaysia due to globalization is mainly the influence of western (American) culture which promote freedom, adaptation of American TV shows and the usage of language (English). With the mixture of western in local content, media contents and services are more appealing to the audiences. Despite the influence of western culture, local culture is still well maintained in the local content.

Globalization has significant impact in increasing the interest of viewers towards media content and services. As the negative side of globalization in media is still a vague issue in the eyes of the media partners, globalization has brought media content to a new standard where audiences are hooked up with it.


Sinclair, J & Harrison, Mark 2004, ‘Globalisation, Nation, and Television in Asia: The Cases of India and China’, Television and New Media, Vol. 5, No. 1, accessed 27/5/2015, http://tvn.sagepub.com/content/5/1/41.short

“2 out of 4 robberies, those 2 are Indians”

“2 out of 4 robberies, those 2 are Indians”

Race. A very sensitive word since it started to exist in the world’s dictionary.

Overall, definition of race comprises:

“Groups of people who have differences and similarities in biological traits deemed by society to be socially significant, meaning that people treat other people differently because of them.” 

When your skin are black and you wear hijab, you are treated differently though you have the same colour of hair and the same red blood running through your veins.

So, who is shaping the real definition of race?

For the first time, media is not to be blamed in this case. It’s the society who are mixed with conservative people that are fanatics of their own races which are shaping the definition of race. They are moving in groups, though it is small, still an epidemic throughout the country. Their ability to brainwash those who have weaker faith are tend to fall into this category.

In this context I will be exposing the scenario in Malaysia where multiracial exists since World War I. Despite of all races and religion we have in Malaysia, as the country evolved in modernization and education, society has becoming more absurd on multiracial issues. It is very sad to say but racial issues never die.

I am not writing to condemn anyone or criticizing the work of the authority in building harmonized country. I am absolutely respect and grateful for all the effort to maintain the peace of the country. Nevertheless, it’s the mind-set of the society that never changed despite of all education that being feed to them.

Racial issues is more than just a race. It’s a scary disease, leading to the context of religion and believes. Similar to “ethnic killjoy” concept mentioned by Khorana (2013), however in my case I prefer to call it “racial killjoy” where one being hypocrite towards to his or her knowledge on multiracial environment. I used to encounter a shameful experience with “racial killjoy” which eventually dragged the matter to religion context.

“Why do you need to be friends with Chinese and Indians? Do you want to be friends with people who has no religion?”

The statement above given by the person I have encountered put me on a speechless mode, even though the person admitted to be working with multiracial and open environment. The level of stupidity and narrow-mindedness put me on a full-stop which I absolutely shocked that a high ranking officer working in a multi-national company would have that kind of speech attitude.

From “racial killjoy” to “religion killjoy”, it is a serious matter that need to be looked into. Though it comprises in small community, the conservative and sick mind-set about races and religion can stained and torn the society apart. These group of people are sensitive and overly dramatic on racial and religion background.

Thus, how can Malaysians have an open religious celebrations if these group of people are still living in their own world?

Step back, think and reflect. What is the purpose of living in a multiracial country when one cannot accept the others, willingly and respectfully?


Cliffs Notes n.d., accessed 24/5/2015, http://www.cliffsnotes.com/sciences/sociology/race-and-ethnicity/race-and-ethnicity-defined

Khorana, S 2013, ‘On Being an “Ethnic Killjoy” in the Asian Century’, The Conversation, accessed 23/5/2015, http://theconversation.com/on-being-an-ethnic-killjoy-in-the-asian-century-19833

Battlefield of Gender

Battlefield of Gender

Gender, derived from the Latin word, is defined as:

“Attitudes, feelings, and behaviours that a given culture associates with a person’s biological sex.” (American Psychological Association n.d.) 

When the world evolved with modernization, people incorporate various opinions and facts to the definition of gender. The word, gender, has becoming super significant and sometimes sensitive at a certain level. We are no longer treating gender similar as our ancestors used to do.

Gender in the media is one complicated form to begin with. It is defined as the verb for sex which carries roles and behaviour according to our sex birth, sometimes masculine, feminine and androgyny which are fascinating terms, but scary at the same time (Blumenfeld 2013).

Masculine, feminine and androgyny. Those are dominant and strong words which are widely used in the media world where sensitive issues started to exist. The perception of gender that media has created based on those terms has also created gender inequality.

I am not totally blaming the media on this hot issue as other factors such as human nature (culture) and perception on roles of gender have becoming vividly significant to the modern society. People are more concerned on the equality of gender and activists are starting their movement worldwide.

First, allow me to explain the concept of gender inequality which will be the main topic of the writing. Inequality explains the differences in size, degree and circumstances, thus when gender blends with inequality brings the male and female who experience different rights and opportunities in all sectors of society. In the current world we are living in where women enjoy the most of gender inequality and starting the movement of feminists’ power (Comhionannas Inscne in Éirinn Gender Equality in Ireland n.d.).

Julie Burton quoted:

“… we’re still not seeing equal participation.”

The uprising issue of inequality of gender in the public media is ongoing and which Burton strongly believe that media fails to give equal opportunities for women in showcasing and make use of their talents (Marcotte 2013).

Inequality happens when one gender is being portrayed with less dignity and authority, thus can be further elaborated with the movie ‘The Secretary (2002)’, starring Maggie Gyllenhaal and her co-star James Spader.

The whole story used the concept of BDSM where Maggie Gyllenhaal as submissive, to be seen as a sex slave instead of a professional secretary for the lusty boss – James Spader. In the movie, Spader uses Gyllenhaal to satisfy his lust which dramatically drawn her compassion towards him, but being pushed away easily by him at the end of the movie. This classic movie of 50 Shades of Grey has been critically acclaim to portray gender inequality in women, mistreating them physically and mentally.

Gender inequality worsen when being associated with culture which forever never evolve in the local society. The famous India Gang rape; brutally killed an innocent woman on a bus, shatters the family’s dream and pride (Naqvi 2013). Thus, the case led to various movement across countries as such provoking the men to educate themselves not to rape and protesting against women rights in the society.

Indian society are the fanatics in gender roles of the family. Women portrayed to be sacred and pride of the family which once stained can bring negative impact to the blood line. The culture that they have indulged lead them to mistreating of gender where women and men do not have equal rights (BBC News n.d.).

Above all, the nature of gender promotes special rights for each male and female. Since the birth of Adam and Eve, each gender carries different privileges that is originally fair and square. When earthlings evolve with education and modernization, gender has becoming more unequal as being set by self-thought and opinions.

We are not at the right stand to argue on gender inequality when we are the one who shaped the differences.


American Psychological Association n.d., accessed 16/5/2015, http://www.apa.org/pi/lgbt/resources/sexuality-definitions.pdf

Blumenfeld, W.J. 2013, ‘Examining Media’s Socialization of Gender Roles’, Huff Post Media, 10 August, accessed 16/5/2015, http://www.huffingtonpost.com/warren-j-blumenfeld/examining-medias-socializ_b_3721982.html

Comhionannas Inscne in Éirinn Gender Equality in Ireland n.d., accessed 15/5/2015,  http://www.genderequality.ie/en/GE/Pages/WhatisGE

Marcotte, M 2013, ‘Gender Inequity in Public Media Newsrooms’, MVM Consulting, accessed 16/5/2015, http://www.mikemarcotte.com/2013/03/gender-inequity-in-public-media-newsrooms.html

Naqvi, M 2013, ‘India Gang Rape: Assault Shatters Family’s Dreams’, The World Post, 2 March, accessed 16/5/2015, http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/02/03/india-gang-rape-assault-s_n_2610175.html

BBC News n.d., accessed 16/5/2015, http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-india-32444349

Now, everyone is the news anchor!

Now, everyone is the news anchor!

“The principles and purpose of journalism are defined by something more basic: the function news plays in the lives of people.” – Bill Kovach and Tom Rosenstiel, The Elements of Journalism (American Press Institute n.d.)

Journalism. A professional career that communicates the issues of the society, world and current events which comprises from politics, economy and entertainment. A news-piece by a journalist brings citizens closer to the evolving world around them.

Well, everything used to be according to the statement above. We are living in the 21st Century where legit definition of professional journalism are vaguely accepted.

I am definitely not the journalistic type of person, however the idea of writing news anonymously really shakes up my inner interest.

Anonymous news reporting or they simply called it, ‘citizen journalism’, is the hot issue in the journalism world. The convergence of media allows this particular term to exist where traditional media plays very little role in news reporting. Professional journalists now have millions of assistants around the globe who are on the run to report the live news.

Let me hold my enthusiasm on citizen journalism, therefore let’s look into one of the root causes of the emerging future journalism, especially in Malaysia.

Since the adaptation of Multimedia Super Corridor (MSC), Malaysia is evolving tremendously in technology which impact all industries, including media and journalism sectors. New media has been widely accepted and traditional media has lost its track along the way. Readership and traditional newspaper’s circulation in Malaysia experience a decrease in growth where readers are switching to conventional media; online newspaper, free and convenience. Due to the decline in printed newspaper, the conventional ones (online newspaper) layered out an opportunity to the keyboard warriors to have empowerment in becoming a journalist, thus giving birth to citizen journalism (Faridah et.al 2011).

The best thing about citizen journalism is that no boundaries are set to the news delivery. News can be reported via Facebook or Twitter updates, photos on Instagram or a short video on Youtube. These encourage participation and general opinions of others (Pavlik 2013).

As I mentioned before, citizen journalists are the eyes of the professionals which now eating crackers in their office waiting for live news reporting from them. Nevertheless, professional journalists are still the smartest one where they snatched this golden opportunity by adapting the citizen journalism platform. For instance, you can now stream CBS News or BBC news update of Vine, looping across the online network. The adaptation creates more circulation and news readership which fit with news-feeding style of the new generation.

However, due to the participation of citizen journalism, the value of the news is arguable and credibility of journalism is questioned. Some news posted by citizen journalists are not verified but shared by millions of users. It still a factor that can possibly demote the value and credibility of professional journalism.

In the end, it is a matter of the readers to choose and to trust the news running across them, either anonymous or well-written by the professionals.

Still, looking at the battle of citizen journalism vs professional journalism, who will be taking the crown?


American Press Institute n.d., accessed 15/5/2015, https://www.americanpressinstitute.org/journalism-essentials/what-is-journalism/purpose-journalism/

Faridah, A.S, Hj.Abdullah, M.Y, Mustaffa, N & Mahbob, M.H 2011, ‘The Impact of New Media on Traditional Mainstream Mass Media’, The Innovation Journal: The Public Sector Innovation Journal, vol.16, no.3, pg2-11, accessed 16/5/2015, http://www.innovation.cc/scholarly-style/ali_samman_new+media_impac116v3i7a.pdf

Pavlik, J.V 2013, ‘Innovation And The Future Of Journalism’, Digital Journalism, 1:2, pp. 181-193, accessed 16/5/2015, file:///C:/Users/User/Downloads/Pavlik_Future%20Journalism%20(1).pdf

Documentary or Diary?

Documentary or Diary?

But first, lemme take a selfie

A very popular catchy phrase that everyone uses and yes, they even incorporating that in a song. The contents of storytelling and documenting have been defining themselves into a new world. There are less on documenting the life of indigenous Amazon tribes, the bizarre wedding culture of Papua New Guinea people or the search of underwater aliens. Instead there are likely taking a collage or montage of your selfie or more of Kardashians messed up life.

As I went through the points and facts to write on documenting every private life which now has becoming more public significant, I came across so many terms that I can hardly understand and define in my own words. There are so many questions that popped in my head. What is it feel like to document your private life to the world? What will they think about me? Are they violating my privacy legally?

And so, I made a decision to document my own private life.

Even before I uploaded this video, I already felt insecure about the way audiences perceive my personality and attitude in the video. I started to doubt if I should ever upload, nevertheless I still did as I believe I will understand better in the context of looking glass self.

Obviously, it is not the Alice in Wonderland: Through the Looking Glass. This is something more serious that can even lead to serious social problems. Looking glass self; we see ourselves, we shape our personality and behaviour based on how people want us to be looked at. Simply said, we are not who we want to be, but what people want us to be as the way they perceive us. Low self-image is another symptoms of looking glass self where audiences and media see the ‘real you’.

The ‘real you’ which you are unsure, either it is fake or real. At the end of the day, you will be still living to other’s expectations.

Question of the day!

How does looking glass self define the concept of selfie?

  • James Franco, the king of selfie (the famous Franco selfie on Twitter and Instagram), noted that the act of taking selfie is a way of communication.
  • For real Franco? What are you trying to say?
  • Though it is a way of saying, ‘Hey guys, I’m here’, indirectly you are communicating to meet other’s expectations plus making yourself look awesome to other people.
  • Selfie is not just about getting the attention of people, but meeting the attention of people who seek for attention.
  • Confusing? Try this: Stand in front of the mirror and follow your own reflection instead of you navigate your own reflection.

According to a research conducted by Ford, selfie has becoming very much significant to the society that the ridiculous word ‘selfie’ was added in the Oxford Dictionary. Plus, more than 2 billion selfies were taken by the end of last year (2014), noted that Facebook is notoriously popular with selfies sharing and caption.

We are shifting to a world where we are no longer communicating via phone calls or postcards, but selfies. The number is increasing and selfie has becoming more than a trend. It is a lifestyle, a relationship that people live with. We express our emotions, experience and daily journals through selfies, publicly documenting them with various contents, for self and other’s pleasure.

It is unpredictable. Selfie might be the next ebola.


Saltz, Jerry, 2014, “Art at Arm’s Length: A History of the Selfie,” Vulture, 27 January, http://www.vulture.com/2014/01/history-of-the-selfie.html?mid=twitter_nymag&utm_content=buffer18f61&utm_medium=social&utm_source=twitter.com&utm_campaign=buffer

Isaksen, J. V. (2013). The Looking Glass Self: How Our Self-image is Shaped by Society. Retrieved from http://www.popularsocialscience.com/2013/05/27/the-looking-glass-self-how-our-self-image-is-shaped-by-society/

Can we private this conference?

Can we private this conference?

Public sphere, according to McGuigan (2011) is coexist in the world of ideal and actual. It can be seen, but cannot be seen at the same time. Confusing, right?

And so as the Internet that sets the almost invisible boundaries of public sphere, especially in the social network. Though users are comforted with private settings which secured their information, however the reality of public sphere in becoming private is never been existed in the world of Internet.

I’ve written on the issue of public sphere which you can view it here “BCM240: PRIVATE in PUBLIC is not that bad, but are you kidding me?!

Therefore, allow me to elaborate more on this so called public sphere drama. According to the great work of Habermas, public sphere is a platform where middle-class men in the 18th Century come together and discuss various intellectual issues which are concerned to them. Their public sphere were usually held at halls or public area designated to be the space of discussion.

Convergence of media has changed the concept of public sphere where physical grounds for discussion are shifted to virtual, where everyone is keyboard warriors with the signature of anonymous. Forums and social media platforms are the new generation of public sphere where connectivity and topic of discussion are endless.

As I mentioned before in my previous post, Facebook is a platform that connects the public and private sphere of the Internet. However, users are opening their life into the public sphere context which one post of oneself can turn into a public sphere discussion on social network. Still they put the blame on Facebook on privacy settings. Thus, when public sphere are evolving in this manner, people are the followers.

When you stand at the bus stop, people are having public sphere discussion without a single word (busy typing and scrolling through social network on smartphones). During online conference, people are talking without any physical contact. Though it seems to be the extraordinary way of communication, the impact of virtual public sphere is vaguely noticed.

Less and less people are having real conversation. Physical relationship are less significant and creating further distance between individuals in the society.

Which one do you prefer? Virtual or physical public sphere?


McGuigan, J 2005, ‘The cultural public sphere’, Cultural Studies, 8:4, pp. 427–443, accessed 17/6/2015, file:///C:/Users/User/Downloads/McGuigan_cultural%20sphere.pdf




Leaks that give you chills, shock and other major psychological syndrome

Leaks that give you chills, shock and other major psychological syndrome


Wikileaks. Julian Assange.


Wikileaks. Julian Assange. The two major phenomenon that I have never realized that it would give a major impact on the global politics and national security. As I happened to Google both Wikileaks and Julian Assange, my first reaction was in deep shocked where how little I know about the world and those who are ruling it. And I am still in the confusion; are we living in the lies of other people? To whom should we trust?

Living in the world of Lies

Since the term whistle-blower exists in the dictionary, these informants of exposing national secrets are labelled to be highly threat to national security. Even before the emergence of Wikileaks, the leaking of information by whistle-blowers were relayed to the people via traditional media, as such newspaper. Within this time frame where Daniel Ellsberg was in the verge of publishing the copy of The Pentagon Papers, between 1969 to 1971 which apparently a lot of conspiracies happened in the process. When The Pentagon Paper successfully printed, it was no major commotion compared to Wikileaks. This is because the The New York Times is labelled as professional firm while Wikileaks is just another free irresponsible journalism.

The ability of world wide web in penetrating information to every household in the globe enable Julian to achieve his main objectives of Wikileaks, leaking the national’s secrets to the people which he believes that these people have the rights to know the truth, and what he truly believes in DEMOCRACY. With the courage of revealing the truth on Wikileaks which makes people like Julian Assange are born in every corner of the world; realizing the need of freedom and revolution. Thus, making the leaks possible even when the government having him under custody.

There are a lot of stories leaking from the early 2006 as soon as Wikileaks started to operate. Of all the information revealed, The Afghan War Logs, 9/11 Tragedy and NATO reports, I extremely found that GITMO Files is the most shocking and chilling leaks. As I were scanning through the missing files, I was left with silence. There are so many information to digest which left me confused. To believe or not to believe.

I want to highlight that the leaking is not only happening on Afghanistan and the US government, but the country that we are living in. The video below explains the curiosity of Julian Assange towards the democratic issue happening in Malaysia.

*It is a pretty long video, but worth every second.*

In this video, Julian pointed out the sensitive case or we Malaysians love to call it the most politically scandalous case in Malaysian history. The Murder of Mongolian Beauty, Antlantuya. Things that the media have been covering are still remained unsolved.

  • The issues that the leaders are avoiding are still invisible to the people.
  • The major corruption scandal which has been heard in Paris court is still in silence in Malaysia.

There are people who demand the information and Anwar Ibrahim has been the catalyst of the issue. However, we all know he has been shut in prison, on and off until now. Thus, the real issues concerning the people that, why do Malaysia wants to shut him up? Are there ‘SECRETS’ too?

Same thing happening in Australia back when Julia Gillard was the President. In the interview, she stood her point where she is in no support of Julian Assange, pointing that he has no moral purpose of writing in Wikileaks. Julian also demands an answer for the exchanging of information with foreign powers on Australians working for Wikileaks which apparently he has physical prove on it. Julia Gillard denies the fact verbally without showing any prove physically. The question is: Which one of them is in denial?

People like Julian has been there since Vietnam War. The issues of government hiding secrets from the people has been vividly portrayed by Chris Carter in The X Files, Benedict Cumberbatch in The Fifth Estate and other related movies. From my personal perspective, I am strongly support Julian Assange in revealing the secrets that the people have the right to know. Wikileaks is more than a free irresponsible journalism. It carries the true democracy which we never obtain through the right path.

To a certain degree, government may have the possibilities to keep secret knowledge away from the people’s attention. We may never know what is hidden underneath a secret.



Benkler, Yochai. 2011, “A Free Irresponsible Press: Wikileaks and the Battle Over the Soul of the Networked Fourth Estate,” Harvard Civil Rights-Civil Liberties Law Review, 46, pp. 311-397

Coddington, Mark, 2012, “Defending a Paradigm by Patrolling a Boundary: Two Global Newspapers Approach to WikiLeaks” Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, 89:3, pp.377-9